FROM 1800 THROUGH THE 1920s
Turkoman rugs are produced by nomadic weavers of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan and the province of Khorassan in northeast Iran. Turkoman rugs are easily distinguished by their three characteristics of a dominant red to red-brown background color, geometric pattern, and a unique octagonal motif known as gul, which has several versions. The layout is generally all-over and guls are repeated in rows with usually smaller guls of similar, but not exact, geometric design (minor guls) in between the rows of major guls. White, beige, black and blue are used to create color contrast in the motifs and the border of the rug.